Research results of scientists from Jaume I University, Polytechnic University of Madrid and University of Exeter (UK), showed that 90% of players’ injuries occurred in the lower half of the body, including the groin, pelvis, hips, thighs, knees, calves, feet, ankles. In particular, the most common types of injuries are mainly related to muscles and ligaments.
A muscle strain is a muscle or tendon injury that occurs when a muscle muscle is pulled too far in one direction, when the muscle is not ready (stiffness). During muscle tension, muscle or tendon stretches or tears.
Injuries are susceptible to the hind thighs, hip muscles, the anterior thigh muscle, calf muscles, back muscles, and shoulder muscles. When muscle tension is present, the player will experience soreness, swelling and difficulty in moving the muscle area. Depending on the level of injury, the player must rest, apply ice, bandage the pain for a few days or a few weeks to recover.
The hamstring is a group of tendons located behind the thighs, connecting the forceful muscles in the back to the bone. A hamstring injury occurs when a player breaks one or more of the muscle fibers in the hamstring muscle bundle. Symptoms occur when a player feels pain in the back of his thigh while sprinting, running long strides or swinging his legs high. Depending on the severity of the hamstring injury, the player must rest from a week to 3 months.
Knee ligament injury
Knee ligament injury occurs when the leg moves too hard and in the wrong direction, causing the cross ligament to twist, stretch. Too much activity will lead to ligament rupture, which is a very dangerous injury and requires surgical intervention to reconnect the ligament.
Damage occurs when the ankle is twisted inwards, the covering around the ankle joint can also be damaged, causing bleeding, pain and swelling. This injury accounts for about 12% of all injuries in football.
A sprain is an injury to the connective tissue of a joint. In particular, ankle sprains are the most common, usually occurs when the foot is turned inward, tearing the outer ligament of the ankle or over-stretching. The signs of a sprain are painful swelling, purple, hematoma, press on the ankle area will feel uncomfortable pain. A sprain can cause a player to be out of play for about 4 to 6 weeks depending on the severity.